The lesson begins with an introduction to expository writing and its forms. Students will discuss the various ways in which they are exposed to expository writing and information.
Audience Analysis The audience of a technical report--or any piece of writing for that matter--is the intended or potential reader or readers. For most technical writers, this is the most important consideration in planning, writing, and reviewing a document.
You "adapt" your writing to meet the needs, interests, and background of the readers who will be reading your writing. The principle seems absurdly simple and obvious. It's much the same as telling someone, "Talk so the person in front of you can understand what you're saying.
Doesn't seem like it. But, in fact, lack of audience analysis and adaptation is one of the root causes of most of the problems you find in professional, technical documents--particularly instructions where it surfaces most glaringly.
Once you've read this section on audiences, try using the audience planner. You fill in blanks with answers to questions about your audience and then e-mail it to yourself and, optionally, to your instructor. Use the audience planner for any writing project as a way of getting yourself to think about your audience in detail.
Students enrolled in the Online Technical Writing are encouraged to take the reading quiz on this chapter. Anybody else is welcome to try it as well.
Types of Audiences One of the first things to do when you analyze and audience is to identify its type or types--it's rarely just one type. The common division of audiences into categories is as follows: These are the people who know the theory and the product inside and out.
They designed it, they tested it, they know everything about it. Often, they have advanced degrees and operate in academic settings or in research and development areas of the government and business worlds.
The nonspecialist reader is least likely to understand what these people are saying-but also has the least reason to try. More often, the communication challenge faced by the expert is communicating to the technician and the executive.
These are the people who build, operate, maintain, and repair the stuff that the experts design and theorize about. Theirs is a highly technical knowledge as well, but of a more practical nature.
These are the people who make business, economic, administrative, legal, governmental, political decisions on the stuff that the experts and technicians work with. If it's a new product, they decide whether to produce and market it. If it's a new power technology, they decide whether the city should implement it.
Executives are likely to have as little technical knowledge about the subject as nonspecialists. These readers have the least technical knowledge of all.
Their interest may be as practical as technicians', but in a different way. They want to use the new product to accomplish their tasks; they want to understand the new power technology enough to know whether to vote for or against it in the upcoming bond election.
Or, they may just be curious about a specific technical matter and want to learn about it--but for no specific, practical reason.
Audience Analysis It's important to determine which of the four categories just discussed the potential readers of your document belong to, but that's not the end of it.Writing for an Audience Learn how to identify your audience and craft your writing to meet their needs.
Imagine that you recently had a car accident and you were partially responsible. Purpose Audience Topic Circle one. Planning Chart Circle or write your purpose for writing in the first column. Answer the questions in the second column. Created Date: 11/30/ PM. Jan 04, · StudyIsland-Tutorial-Task,Purpose and Audience [Grade 5] Thinking about Audience and Purpose in Writing video - Duration: ereading worksheets 68, views.
The author’s purpose is his or her reason for writing a text, paragraph, or line. There are many reasons why people write paragraphs or lines, but when we look at why people write texts, there are three main reasons. Lesson Skill: Identifying audience and purpose Strand Writing.
SOL original writing assignment. 5. To conclude, have students consider what their purpose would be if they were asked to intended audience, purpose, tone and selected information. W Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
(Grade- specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1 .