This happened in the Third Intermediate period which took place in the B. During this period Persia and Macedonian-Greek conquered Egypt.
Visit Website The Rise of Athens The defeat of the Persians marked the beginning of Athenian political, economic, and cultural dominance. Other legislators were chosen randomly by lot, not by election. Visit Website However, demokratia did not mean that Athens approached her relationships with other Greek city-states with anything approaching egalitarianism.
To protect far-flung Greek territories from Persian interference, Athens organized a confederacy of allies that it called the Delian League in B. Athens Under Pericles In the s, the Athenian general Pericles consolidated his own power by using all that tribute money to serve the citizens of Athens, rich and poor.
Generals were among the only public officials in Athens who were elected, not appointed, and who could keep their jobs for more than one year. For example, Pericles paid modest wages to jurors and members of the ekklesia so that, in theory, everyone who was eligible could afford to participate in the public life of the demokratia.
Art and Architecture Pericles also used the tribute money to support Athenian artists and thinkers.
For instance, he paid to rebuild the parts of Athens that the Persian Wars had destroyed. The result was the magnificent Parthenona new temple in honor of the goddess Athena at the Acropolis. Pericles also oversaw the construction of the temple at Hephaestos, the Odeion concert hall, and the temple of Poseidon at Attica.
Likewise, Pericles paid for the annual production of comedic and dramatic plays at the Acropolis. Wealthy people offset some of these costs by paying voluntary taxes called liturgies. Dramatists like Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides and the comic playwright Aristophanes all won a great deal of renown for their depictions of relationships between men and gods, citizens and polis, and fate and justice.
These plays, like the Parthenon, still epitomize the cultural achievements of classical Greece. Along with the histories of Herodotus and Thucydides and the ideas of the physician Hippokrates, they are defined by logic, pattern and order, and they have in common a faith in humanism above all else.
These are the attributes that today aer associated with the art, the culture and even the politics of the era. The Peloponnesian War Unfortunately, none of these cultural achievements translated into political stability.
Athenian imperialism had alienated its partners in the Delian League, particularly Sparta, and this conflict played out in the decades-long Peloponnesian War — B. The eventual Spartan victory in the Peloponnesian War meant that Athens lost its political primacy, but Athenian cultural life—the essence of classical Greece—continued apace in the fourth century B.
By the second half of the century, however, disorder reigned within the former Athenian empire.The Classical period in ancient Greek sculpture presented the most exciting pieces of art. In spite of the fact that the Persians Wars blew up the economical and other spheres of the Empire, Greek found out new technologies and methods to improve the situation.
The ancient Egyptian and ancient Greek civilizations are two of the oldest known civilizations in our history. The Egyptian civilization, based in the eastern part of North Africa, is believed to have started around BC and continued till the end of the Pharaoh rule in 31 BC.
Ancient Greek Art: Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic By: Catherine Marten CLA sect. 02D3 Spring Art is the expression or application of human creative skill . Ancient Greek art differs from other ancient cultures, because of its reliance on depictions of human anatomy. While there were innovations in the field of painting, many did not survive the turbulent wars that the Greek empire faced.
Ancient Greek Art Free Essay, Term Paper and Book Report Greek civilization thrived from the 3rd millennium to the 1st century B.C., noted for its advances in philosophy, government, science, and, of course, art and architecture.
Ancient Greek Art Essay by Calwriter Ancient Greek Art This paper discusses ancient Greek art in the period between about B.C. and B.C. with examples of pottery and statues from this period.