Entering a High or Low Context Situation The general terms "high context" and "low context" popularized by Edward Hall are used to describe broad-brush cultural differences between societies. High context refers to societies or groups where people have close connections over a long period of time.
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December Learn how and when to remove this template message Definition In European history, high culture was understood as a cultural concept common to the humanities, until the midth century, when Matthew Arnold introduced the term high culture in the book Culture and Anarchy Moreover, the philosophy of aesthetics proposed in high culture is a force for moral and political good.
Critically, the term "high culture" is contrasted with the terms " popular culture " and " mass culture ". Eliot said that high culture and popular culture are necessary and complementary parts of An analysis of the high culture culture of a society.
In The Uses of LiteracyRichard Hoggart presents the sociologic experience of the working-class man and woman in acquiring the cultural literacy, at university, which facilitates social upward mobility.
Leavis pursued the definition of high culture, by way of the Western canon of literature.
Eliot Media theorist Steven Johnson writes that, unlike popular culture, "the classics—and soon to be classics—are" in their own right descriptions and explanations of the cultural systems that produced them.
In the classical Greco-Roman tradition, the ideal mode of language was published and preserved in works of elevated style correct grammar, syntax, and diction. Certain forms of language used by authors in valorized epochs were held up in antiquity and the Renaissance as eternal valid models and normative standards of excellence; e.
Indeed, the Greco-Roman world tended to see such manual, commercial, and technical labor as subordinate to purely intellectual activities. The leisured gentleman not weighed down by the necessity of earning a living, was free to devote himself to activities proper to such a "free man"  — those deemed to involve true excellence and nobility as opposed to mere utility.
This ideal associated with humanism a later term derived from the humanities or studia humanitatiswas communicated in Renaissance Italy through institutions such as the Renaissance court schools.
Renaissance humanism soon spread through Europe becoming much of the basis of upper class education for centuries. A key contribution of the Renaissance was the elevation of painting and sculpture to a status equal to the liberal arts hence the visual arts lost for elites any lingering negative association with manual artisanship.
The early Renaissance treatises of Leon Battista Alberti were instrumental in this regard. However, aristocratic patronage through most of the modern era was also pivotal to the support and creation of new works of high culture across the range of arts, music, and literature.
The subsequent prodigious development of the modern European languages and cultures meant that the modern definition of the term "high culture" embraces not only Greek and Latin texts, but a much broader canon of select literary, philosophical, historical, and scientific books in both ancient and modern languages.
Of comparable importance are those works of art and music considered to be of the highest excellence and broadest influence e. Together these texts and art works constitute the exemplary artifacts representing the high culture of the Western world. Cultural traditions In the Western and some East Asian traditions, art that demonstrates the imagination of the artist is accorded the status of high art.
In the West this tradition began in Ancient Greece, was reinforced in the Renaissanceand by Romanticismwhich eliminated the hierarchy of genres within the fine artswhich was established in the Renaissance. In China there was a distinction between the literati painting by the scholar-officials and the work produced by common artists, working in largely different styles, or the decorative arts such as Chinese porcelain which were produced by unknown craftsmen working in large factories.General Systems Analysis Links.
Systems and Systems Thinking Definition of a System A system definition courtesy of the Pentagon. This is the actual image used by Gen. Stanley A. McChrystal, the leader of American and NATO forces in Afghanistan, to portray the .
In this lesson, we identify several categories of cultures that can exist within a large culture.
We define and discuss subcultures, high culture versus popular culture, and countercultures. Popular Culture & High Culture An Analysis and Evaluation of Taste “Popular culture reflects and expresses the aesthetic wants of many people” Sociological Study based on Two Value Judgments “All people have a right to the culture they prefer” The Levittowners () The Urban.
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These are the words of John Carlin, Vice President at the Ginna Nuclear Plant, referring to a situation in the past where chronic water leakages from the reactor . Social and Behavioral Research Resources ___return to top. behavior modeling and analysis at Cyberspace and Info-Ops Study Center theory page.
Toward an Operational Definition of Cross-Cultural Competence from Interview Data (), by Ross, at the Institute of Simulation and Training, University of Central Florida, for the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute (DEOMI), Spring